Welcome to the Concordance for Quest for the Grail. According to Web-Counter There have been people who have viewed this concordance. I last updated the concordance on 01/15/2001. Mostly fixing up missing links. I've been into this game lately having won several bids for cards on eBay. My collection is far from complete, but hopefully. Because of this I've been gathering up my references and am planning on making more updates. Also, check out my Quest for the Grail club on Yahoo
The Lady Companions are mostly finished; there are 9 Lady's that I've found no information on in any of my sources. Also, Quest information is finished and entered. I've also started the research for Rewards. I've started adding information on Kings. I've also started putting links from an entry to another entry that's in the Concordance. For example, the Queen of the Wastelands mentions the Wastelands so there is a link to that entry. Ideally, I'd like to use reliable sources for information, but as I no longer have easy access to a college library, research may be more difficult (my experience with finding decent Arthurian research materials in a public library is pretty bad). I'm slowly building up my own personal library of references, but again it's hard finding the sources needed. Now that that's said, enjoy what is currently on the page and keep checking back; more Quest information to come.
As with any type of reasearch, it is always a good idea to list your resources.
War Pigs of Gales: I haven't come across anything about this animal yet. Apparently wild pigs/boars are the bane of horses since this card and the Wild Boar of Listinoise Quest ignore any bonuses given by Horse Rewards.
Warhawk: During the Middle Ages, falconry was a popular sport among the nobility.
Demoiselle Blanchefleur: There are two; the card depicts the sister of King Mark and is the mother of Sir Tristan. Her husband was Rivalin of Parmenie, and when he died, she died of grief. The other Blanchefleur was the mistress of Sir Perceval. [Coghlan]
Demoiselle Sans Nom:
Lady Belle Isoult: Tristan's love interest. She is the wife of King Mark of Cornwall and was originally from Ireland. She fell hopelessly in love with Tristan because she drank a love potion. Tristan was also married to another Isoult: Isoult of the White Hands. When Tristan was mortally wounded, he sent for Isoult of Ireland. Isoult of the White Hands lied to Tristan that Isoult of Ireland wasn't coming, so he died. When Isoult of Ireland heard this, she died as well. [Coghlan]
Lady Elouise the Fair:
Lady Enid: The heroine of "Erec and Enid" by Chretien de Troyes and "Gereint and Enid" from the Mabinogion. When she doubts her husband's commitment to chivalry, he takes her with him on a quest to prove themselves to each other. [de Troyes, Mabinogion]
Lady Layonesse: Possibly Lady Lyonesse who was besieged by the Red Knight of the Red Lands and later rescued by Sir Gareth whom she married. [Coghlan]
Lady Lesolie of the Fountain:
Lady Moeya of Brittany:
Lady Nymue: Merlin's love interest. He taught her his magic, and she imprisoned him in a tower (or cave, or tomb). [Coghlan]
Lady of the Lake: A lake fairy like the Gwagged Annwn of modern Welsh folklore, she gave Arthur Excalibur. She also cured Lancelot of madness. More of a role than an individual. In the Vulgate, Sir Lancelot is raised by a Lady of the Lake, who brings him to Camelot when he is 18. [Ashe, Coghlan]
Lady Ragnell the Foul: An ugly lady whom Sir Gawain married. She gave Sir Gawain a choice: She could be beautiful during the day or at night. She preferred being beautiful during the day, but Sir Gawain wanted a beautiful wife at night. In the end, Sir Gawain chose beauty during the day, and because of his selfless act, she was beautiful night and day. [Coghlan]
Lady Vivian: Another name for Lady Nymue. [Coghlan]
Lady Ygraine: Possibly Lady Igraine -- Arthur's mother. She was married to Gorlois and had several daughters. Uther went to her under a spell to make him look like Gorlois, and Arthur was concieved. She later married King Uther after Gorlois' death. [Coghlan]
Queen Elizabeth: Wife of Meliadus, sister of King Mark of Cornwall, and mother of Tristan who died in childbirth (seems I have 2 mothers for Tristan; I'll have to recheck sources). [Coghlan]
Queen Guinevere: Wife of King Arthur, lover of Sir Lancelot. Guinevere's and Lancelot's affair started the downfall of Camelot
Queen Helen of Gomeret: Coghlan says that Elaine is a form of Helen, so this would make this card the wife of King Ban and Lancelot's mother. [Coghlan]
Queen Morgana le Fey: The queen of Avalon (the island where King Arthur goes to heal). Originally linked to several goddesses: Modron, Matrona, and Morrigan. Some legends make her Arthur's half-sister and the wife of King Urien and mother of Sir Yvain. She learned magic from Merlin. [Coghlan, Ashe]
Queen of the Wastelands: An enchantress, she told Perceval that his mother died. She was also on the barge that took Arthur away to Avalon. [Coghlan]
Yelande the Silent:
Astalot: This is where Lady Elaine the White lived. Also called Shalott. [Ashe, Coghlan]
Britain: This is the realm ruled by King Arthur. Its name comes from the term the Picts used for themselves: Priteni [Coghlan]
Brittany: This is a realm in northwestern France that was the home to the Bretons (descendents of the British). This realm is said to have been founded by the Roman emporer Maximus. The location of Forest Broceliande. [Coghlan, Lacy]
Cambria: This area is on the western edge of England right above Wales. [Any Atlas]
Camelot: This is King Arthur's main capital. It is first mentioned in Chretien de Troyes' The Knight of the Cart (Lancelot) and is possibly identified with Cadbury Castle in Somerset. [Coghlan]
Cornwall: This is the Domain of King Mark. It is really a part of the larger kingdom of Dumnonia. [Coghlan]
Forest Broceliande: This is a magical forest located in Brittany (now identified with the forest Paimpont) where many Quests took place. The magic spring of Chretien de Troyes' The Knight with the Lion (Yvain) is located here as is Merlin's prison. [Coghlan, Lacy]
Gaul: This is the area that is present day France (a source for a lot of Arthurian material).
Gomeret: This country is on the European continent possibly part of western Gaul [Coghlan, Karr]
Listinoise: This area (apparently in northern England, if one follows the Borders info on the cards) became a Wastland when Pellehan, its ruler, was given the Dolorous Stroke. [Coghlan]
Lyonesse: A lost land beyond Cornwall possibly identified with Liones, the kingdom of Tristram's father or with Lothian (a region of Brittany according to one source). After Arthur's death, Mordred chased the rest of Arthur's army here. Merlin's ghost caused the land to sink destroying Mordred's men. (Arthur's men escaped to the Isles of Scilly). [Coghlan]
Rheged: This is an area that is in northern England. The game's Borders information seems mixed up; there is no way that Rheged can Border North Humber if Cambria has to Border Listinoise.
These Domains appear in the Borders information of some cards. I don't
know if they will ever appear as cards (Ireland should appear in the 1st
expansion since Irish legends are the focus of the set), but I'll provide
infomation about these possible Domains anyway.
Bordeaux: This is a city in France (Gaul in the game).
Burgundy: This is a Kingdom to the east of Gaul.
Frankia: This is a region in northern Europe, possibly part of Gaul.
Gore: This is a Kingdom that either borders Scotland and is seperated by the River Tember or is an area that is surrounded completely by water (the game does put it in the general area of Scotland). In either case, Gore can only be entered by one of two bridges; A sword-like bridge or an underwater bridge. Gore's capital is Gailham, and it is ruled by Bagdemagus (who may be the underling of King Urien of Rheged). Any knight that enters Gore can only be rescued by Sir Lancelot. [Coghlan, Lacy]
Ireland: The island off the west cost of England.
Lothian: An area that borders Scotland and North Humber.
Sarras: A pagan city that is either in Britain or near Jerusalem. It is ruled by the giant Alchendic. The Saracens may have gotten there name from a combination of this city and the Roman war god, Mars. Galahad, Perceval, and Bors sail here using Solomon's ship. Galahad recieved a Vision of the Grail and died of ecstacy. [Coghlan, Lacy]
Saxony: This is an area of Germanic tribes in northeastern Europe (it borders present day Denmark).
Quests are the life blood of a knight in Arthurian literature. In fact
there are romances that deal with a knight's obligation to quest and his
obligation to his lover. So, a knight spends most of his time questing.
In the game, there are various types of Quests: The
standard Quest, the Quest Knight, and the Quest Creature
Faerie Ring: One of those magical areas throughout Britain where people disappear for years (somethimes centuries) only to reappear thinking they've only been gone one night.
Floating Sword: The Quest completed by Sir Galahad to prove he was the destined Grail Knight. The sword was originally Sir Balin's, and came floating down a river lodged in a stone. [Ashe, Coghlan, Karr]
Mirror of Shalott:
Quest for the White Hart: This is the opening Quest in Gereint and Enid (also known as Erec and Enid). Basically, Arthur decides to revive a Quest on Easter day. The first Knight to find a White Hart gets to recieve a kiss from the most beautiful Lady (one the winner gets to name). Arthur wins and Enid is named. [de Troyes, Mabinogion]
Sword in the Stone: This is how Arthur was named King of Britain. He was the only one who could pull the sword from the stone and the sword said "Whosoever pulleth this sword from this sword is the rightfull ruler of all Britain."
Toast of Honor:
Afanc: This is a creature that lived in a pool called Llyn yr Afanc
which is on the river Conwy in North Wales. The afanc was the cause of
the whirlpool which sucked down anything unlucky enough to enter the
pool. Its appearance is hard to pin down, but many believe it to be a
giant beaver. It was also as strong as an ox and could be tamed by
maidens (just like unicorns). A maiden got the afanc to lay its head in
her lap. After this, men put chains around its limbs. It required four
oxen to pull the afanc out of the pool so that it could be killed (being
a water spirit, it couldn't be killed in the water).
Sir Peredur also kills an afanc in the Romance of Peredur. This afanc lives in a cave and kills anyone that comes by with its spear. That is until Peredur comes by and kills it. [Briggs, Barber]
Boreyne: A very elusive creature. Apparently, this beast was used only twice in English heraldry in the late 15th and early 16th century. There is no clue given as to its origin, symbolism, or significance. The picture given in The Heraldic Imagination depicts it as a dragon like creature with a lions head and tail. On the head are goat-like horns. [Dennys]
Chimera: The chimera is an offspring of Typhon and Echidna. This beast is a combination of three other creatures; the front-part of a lion, the middle-part of a goat, and the rear-part of a serpent, with each part having its own head. This monster lived in Lydia breathing fire on any living thing that came near it; that is until Bellerophon came along and slew it. [Barber]
Giant of Arroy: A giant whose name was Taulurd that lived in Arroy, an area that had three maidens looking over it. The maidens went on quests with the knights coming through Arroy. Either Sir Marhalt or Sir Marhaus slew the giant (depends on the source you're looking at). [Manguel, Coghlan]
Giant of Canbenet:
Giant of the Wold:
Goblin: The goblin is a general name for any number of evil and malicious spirits that are small and grotesque in appearance. [Briggs]
Great Serpent of Gore: Possibly one of the Quests of Sir Lancelot described in Lancelot of the Vulgate. Lacy and Ashe say that much of this version of the legends take place in Gore. [Ashe]
Griffin: Originally from India and Arabia, the griffin is a beast that
has the front part of an eagle and the hind part of a lion. The griffin
lived mostly in mountainous regions, where it fed dead men to its young
and fed on horses for itself. It is said that if a holy man could get a
hold of a griffins claw, they could tell if poison was present since the
claw would change color. Symbolically the griffin has been used to
represent both heat and summer, and the divine and human element of
In India, the griffin was a gentle creature; it is only when it migrated to Europe that the griffin became a much more agressive beast. [Barber]
Hippogriff: This is a beast that is a mating between a horse and a griffin (it has the front part of an eagle and the hind part of a horse). It was originally the steed of the enchanter Atlantes, who was the only one that could control the beast. Later Rogero was given a magic bridle that could control the hippogriff, thus allowing him to ride it. [Barber]
Lesser Wyrm of the Mount:
Ogre: A creature that is either a man-eating giant or a more mortal size creature that is man-eating. [Briggs]
Phoenix: This creature is an eagle-sized bird with brilliant plummage (either purple with a gold collar or a mixture of red, blue, and gold). The phoenix originates from Arabia where at the end of each epoch when it is about to die, it builds a nest out of spices. The phoenix then sits in the nest, singing the most beautiful and rare song as the sun ignites the nest. The fire consumes both the nest and the bird. After the fire, all that is left is a worm. This worm grows into a new phoenix. The new phoenix must gather up the remains of its parent and fly them to Heliopolis, the Egyptian city of the sun.
Questing Beast: A beast that Sir Palomides quested for. This beast had a serpent-like head, hart-like feet, and lion-like buttocks. Its body made noise like a bunch of howling dogs. [Barber]
Serpent of Moray:
Unicorn: This beast is a horse with one horn coming from its forehead. It is said that the horn could purify water just by touching the horn to the water. Only a pure maiden could capture one of these creatures. The lion is its natural enemy. [Barber]
Wild Boar of Listinoise:
Wolf: A natural animal of the canine family.
Wyrm of Corbin: Corbin is another name for Carbonek. A wyrm is a type of dragon. Corbin is the name of the Grail Castle where King Pelles rules. The wyrm lives in a tomb under the castle, and Sir Lancelot kills the wyrm. [Karr, Ashe]
These are Knights that weren't a part of the Round Table or Arthur's vision.
Black Knight: There are several:
Green Knight: Called Sir Bercilak de Hautesert, he came to Arthur's court to challenge any knight to cut off his head. Sir Gawain takes the challenge, but after the beheading, the Green Knight picks up his head and replaces it on his shoulders. Sir Gawain is then to meet the Green Knight at his castle in a year's time to have Gawain's head severed. Gawain has a year's worth of adventures looking for the Green Knight's castle, passes the final challange, and comes away with his head. The Green Knight may have gotten his abilities from Morgana le Fey or may have been similar to the Celtic Green Man. [Ashe, Coglhan, Karr]
Knight of the Black Lands:
Knight of the Sparrow-Hawk: Called Knight of the Kestrel in Gereint and Enid, this is the knight whose lady won the sparrow-hawk every year at a festival; that is until Sir Gereint (Erec) intervened with Lady Enid. His name was Edern (Yder). [Mabinogion, de Troyes]
Red Knight: There are several:
King Arthur of South Wales:
King Ban of Gomeret: Gomeret is also known as Benwick (although Phyllis Ann Karr doesn't connect the two). He is the brother of King Bors, husband of Queen Helen, and father of Lancelot. The kingdom is in western France. King Ban helped out Arthur in his early bid to unite England in exchange for Arthur's help against Ban's enemy Claudas. Arthur failed to appear and King Ban lost. Ban fled with his family. When he looked back at his burning castle, he died. Queen Helen lost track of lancelot when she went back to King Ban. A Lady of the Lake took Lancelot with her to raise. [Ashe, Coghlan, Karr]
King Bors of Gaul: A brother of King Ban. He helped King Arthur in his initial war to unite England. Father of Lionel and Sir Bors de Ganis. [Coghlan, Karr]
King Brandegoris: King of Strangore. One of the rebellious kings that warred with Arthur at the beginning of his reign. [Coghlan, Karr]
King Howell of Brittany: Also known as King Hoel, he is King Arthur's cousin and Sir Tristram's father-in-law being Iseult of the White Hand's father. His wife was killed by the Giant of St. Micheal's Mount. [Coghlan, Karr]
King Mark of Cornwall: A tyrant king (sometimes seen as a buffoon), King Mark is Sir Tristan's uncle and Lady Belle Isoult's husband. It's possible that Malory made Mark more of a tyrant than he originally was to contrast with the good of Arthur in his love triangle. He would try any ruse to get his agenda accomplished (including forged letters from the Pope). In Malory, Mark kills Tristan. The legends vary as to what happened to Mark after Tristan's and Isoult's deaths (one such legend is that Lancelot kills him after Lancelot invades Cornwall. [Coghlan, Karr]
King Meliadus: King of Lyonesse King Mark's brother (or brother-in-law) and Sir Tristan's father. King Meliadus' first wife, Queen Elizabeth died in childbirth (giving birth to Sir Tristan) while she was in the woods searching for her husband (he was imprisoned by an enchantress). He later married a daughter of King Howell [Coghlan, Karr]
King Mordaunt of North Humber:
King Roaz the Reaver:
King Ryence of North Wales: Antagonistic king at the start of Arthur's reign (although he didn't join the eleven rebellious kings; He was too busy fighting King Leodegrance). After Arthur's victory, King Ryence sent a cloak made of the eleven kings' beards to ask Arthur for his beard to complete the cloak. In response, Arthur sent Balin and Balan to take out the King. King Ryence became Arthur's prisoner. [Coghlan, Karr]
King Urien of Rheged: Historical king circa 570 AD. Husband of Queen Morgana le Fey. One of the eleven rebellious kings at the start of Arthur's reign, he later became reconciled with Arthur and joined the Round Table. [Ashe, Coghlan, Karr]
King Uther Pendragon: Father of Arthur by Ygraine. Uther falls in love with Ygraine and starts a war with Gorlois to get her Merlin casts a spell to make Uther look like Gorlois, and Uther then goes to Ygraine. King Uther died in battle (he was seriously ill, but his presence inspired his troops to victory). [Ashe, Coghlan, Karr]
Ashe, Geoffrey and Norris J. Lacy. The Arthurian Handbook. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. 1988
Barber, Richard and Anne Riches. A Dictionary of Fabulous Beasts. Walker Publishing Company, Inc. 1971
Briggs, Katharine. An Encyclopedia of Fairies. Pantheon Books, New York 1976.
Coghlan, Ronan. The Encyclopaedia of Arthurian Legends. Element Inc, New York, 1991.
de Troyes, Chretien. Arthurian Romances (William W. Kibler translator). Penguin Books, New York, 1991.
Dennys, Rodney. The Heraldic Imangination. Clarkson N. Potter, Inc. 1975.
Karr, Phyllis An. The Arthurian Companion. Chaosium, Inc., 1997
Lacy, Norris J. (Editor). The New Arthurian Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. New York, 1991.
Mabinogion, The. Jefrey Gantz translator. Penguin Books 1976.
Manguel, Alberto and Gianni Guadalupi. The Dictionary of Imaginary Places. Harcourt Bruce Jovanovich Publishers, Orlando FL, 1980.
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